Environment, Climate Change and Agroecology

Agroecology knowledge and how it supports rehabilitation and rejuvenation of the environment, including farmlands, is crucial in dealing with climate change and the environment. Climate change (CC) is very evident now, from the in the year 2010, though the change existed even before but the effects are very pronounced now. It affects production, environment, and income of small-scale farmers. This means that to make the lives of the small-scale farmers sustainable, it is very crucial to ensure the environment can support the communities and their productive activities.

RECODA uses different technologies and interventions to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change. One such effort deals with the water supply for production through the construction of water reservoirs for water storage in order to increase the production period. Farmers are trained on different technologies of in situ rainwater harvesting (RWH) such as Zambian (chaka) hoe technology, nine seeded holes and banana holes. Others include incorporation of cover crops in the farming system and mulching of soils.

To preserve and conserve the environment, different interventions are used, including construction of contours, soil cover, agroforestry, use of energy-saving cooking methods and fireless cookers. The returning of carbon into the soil through use of farmyard manure, compost and crop remains is practiced by farmers.

Soil health management: soil health is the capacity of the soil to sustain productivity, maintain environmental quality, and promote plant and animal health. Soil health is the foundation of the food production system, both in livestock and crop-based systems. We engage farmers to improve and maintain soil health by increasing the carbon pool in the soil (which also addresses climate change) by using organic soil additions, including farmyard manure, boma compost, biochar compost, intercropping with leguminous plants, soil cover, minimum tillage, enhancing macro and microfauna in the soil, soil water conservation, including agroforestry, and soil testing, among others.